The Al Quds UAV program began in late 1999 or early 2000 with various attempts at larger scale UAV’s however due to the scarcity of motors and parts in Iraq only subscale UAV’s were built and tested. One of these was the Al Quds RPV-30a.
The development of the Quds-10/RPV-30a started in November 2002 and the aircraft flew only once, on 13 January 2003, remaining for 12-14 minutes in the airfield traffic pattern.
Al Quds programs initially utilized microturbo engines. Multiple sources reported that the initial Al Quds efforts involved attempts to develop a jet-powered UAV that would meet the range and payload requirements. These efforts reportedly included evaluation of turbostarter engines from older Russian MiG and Sukhoi fighter aircraft in Iraq’s inventory and the Microturbo turbojet engine from the Italian Mirach-100 RPV that Iraq had obtained prior to 1990.
The MiG and Sukhoi turbostarter were ruled out due to excessive fuel consumption, and so development proceeded with the Microturbo engine. The later prototypes, RPV-20a and RPV-30a, however, both utilized piston engines as the initial jet projects failed.
Probably mission profiles were electronic warfare missions including direction finding/signal intercept or communications and radar jamming.
Observers judged the 30-kg payload variant would probably be sufficient for a passive receiver for communication or radar signal interception and direction finding, but the 100-kg payload would probably be required to house the transmitter and receiver required for a jamming platform.
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